Tuesday, 8 May 2012

Michael Jackson (D) All - Time Biography


  Our legend, also known as the King of Pop, Michael Jackson died at the age of 50 on 25th June 2009. Due to this memorable day, i am going to write about my idol, which will always live in my heart. Michael Jackson have been the most popular pop artist of all time. Though he was gone, his contributions to the world of MUSIC are the keys to its success and glory...

Quick Facts

Famous As: Pop Singer
Birth Name: Michael Joseph Jackson
Birth Date: August 29, 1958
Birth Place: Gary, Indiana, USA
Claim To Fame: Album "Off the Wall" (1979)
Height: 5' 10"
Nationality: American
Father: Joseph Walter "Joe" Jackson
Mother: Katherine Esther Scruse
Brothers: Jackie (b. 4-May-51), Tito (b. 15-Oct-53), Jermaine (b. 11-Dec-54), Marlon (b. 12-Mar-57), Randy (b. 29-Oct-61)
Sisters: Rebbie (b. 29-May-50), La Toya (b. 29-May-56), Janet Jackson (b. 16-May-66)
Spouse: Lisa Marie Presley (singer, 26-May-94 - 18-Jan-96), Debbie Rowe (dermatologist nurse, 14-Nov-96 - 8-Oct-99)
Relation: Brooke Shields (actress/model)
Sons: Prince Michael Jackson Jr. (b. 13-Feb-97), Prince Michael Jackson II (b. Feb-02)
Daughter: Paris Michael Katherine Jackson (b. 3-Apr-98)


Dubbed the King of Pop, singer-song writer Michael Jackson was born in Gary, Indiana on August 29, 1958. As a child, he was lead singer of the Jackson family's popular Motown group, The Jackson 5. Michael Jackson went on to become one of the most internationally famous award-winning solo pop sensations to date. His 2009 death stirred controversy and was ultimately ruled an accidental overdose.

Early Life

Jackson was born August 29, 1958, in Gary, Indiana, to an African-American working-class family. His father, Joseph Jackson, had been a guitarist but had put aside his musical aspirations to provide for his family as a crane operator. Believing his sons had talent, he molded them into a musical group in the early 1960s. At first, the Jackson Family performers consisted of Michael's older brothers Tito, Jermaine, and Jackie. Michael joined his siblings when he was five, and emerged as the group's lead vocalist. He showed remarkable range and depth for such a young performer, impressing audiences with his ability to convey complex emotions. Older brother Marlon also became a member of the group, which evolved into the The Jackson 5.

Behind the scenes, Joseph Jackson pushed his sons to succeed. He was also reportedly known to become violent with them. Michael and his brothers spent endless hours rehearsing and polishing up their act. At first, the Jackson 5 played local gigs and built a strong following. They recorded one single on their own, "Big Boy" with the b-side "You've Changed," but it failed to generate much interest.
The Jackson 5 moved on to working an opening act for such R&B artists as Gladys Knight and the Pips, James Brown, and Sam and Dave. Many of these performers were signed to the legendary Motown record label, and it has been reported that Gladys Knight may have been the one to tell Motown founder Berry Gordy about the Jackson 5. Impressed by the group, Gordy signed them to his label in 1968.

Relocating to Los Angeles, Michael and his brothers started work on their music and dancing with their father as their manager. They lived with Gordy and also with Supremes singer Diana Ross when they first arrived there. In August 1969, the Jackson 5 was introduced to the music industry at a special event, and later served as the opening act for the Supremes. Their first album, Diana Ross Presents the Jackson 5, hit the charts in December of that year. It's first single, "I Want You Back," hit No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in January 1970. More chart-topping singles quickly followed, such as "ABC," "The Love You Save," and "I'll Be There."

Solo Career

At the age of 13, Jackson launched a solo career in addition to his work with the Jackson 5. He made the charts in 1971 with "Got to Be There" from the album of the same name. His 1972 album, Ben, featured the eponymous ballad about a rat. The song became Jackson's first solo No. 1 single.

For several years, Michael Jackson and the Jackson 5 maintained a busy tour and recording schedule, under the supervision of Berry Gordy and his Motown staff. Gordy wrote many of the songs recorded by the group and by Michael Jackson as a solo artist. The group became so popular that they even had their own self-titled cartoon show, which ran from 1971 to 1973.

Despite Jackson's individual achievements and the group's great success, there was trouble between the Jacksons and their record company. Tensions mounted between Gordy and Joseph Jackson over the management of his children's careers, and their level of participation in making their music. The Jacksons wanted more control over their recordings, which led to most of the Jacksons breaking ties with Motown in 1975. Jermaine Jackson remained with the label and continued to pursue a solo career, having previously released several albums—none of which had matched the success of his younger brother Michael.

Now calling themselves the Jacksons, the group signed a new recording deal with Epic Records. With 1978's Destiny, Michael Jackson and his brothers (which by now included younger brother Randy) emerged as talented songwriters, penning all of the record's tracks. Working with producer Quincy Jones, Michael Jackson wowed the music world with his next solo album, 1979's Off the Wall. It featured an infectious blend of pop and funk with such hit tracks as the Grammy Award-winning "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough," "Rock with You," and the title track. He also found success with the ballad "She's Out of My Life."

The overwhelmingly positive response to Michael's latest solo album also helped buoy the Jacksons' career as well. Triumph (1980) sold more than one million copies, and the brothers went on an extensive tour to support the recording. Jackson, however, began to branch out on his own more. Teaming up with rock legend Paul McCartney, Jackson sang on their 1982 duet, "The Girl Is Mine," which nearly reached the top of the pop charts.

The song also appeared on his next solo album, Thriller (1982), which generated seven Top 10 hits. On a television special honoring Motown, Jackson performed "Billie Jean"—eventually a No. 1 hit—and debuted his soon-to-be-famous dance move called "The Moonwalk." Jackson, a veteran performer by this time, created this step himself and choreographed the dance sequences for the video of his other No. 1 hit, "Beat It."

His most elaborate video, however, was for the album's title track. John Landis directed the horror-tinged video, which featured complex dance scenes, special effects, and a voice-over done by actor Vincent Price. The video for "Thriller" became immensely popular, boosting sales for the already successful album. It stayed on the charts for 80 weeks, holding the No. 1 spot for 37 weeks. In addition to its unparalleled commercial achievements, "Thriller" earned 12 Grammy Award nominations and won eight of those awards.

Jackson's Grammy victories showcased the diverse nature of his work. For his songwriting talents, he received the Grammy Award for Best Rhythm and Blues Song for "Billie Jean." Jackson also won Best Pop Vocal Performance, Male for "Thriller" and Best Rock Vocal Performance, Male for "Beat It." With co-producer Quincy Jones, he shared the Grammy Award for Album of the Year.

Pepsi, Bad and Neverland

At the top of his game creatively and commercially, Jackson signed a $5 million endorsement deal with Pepsi-Cola around this time. He, however, was badly injured while filming a commercial for the soda giant in 1984, suffering burns to his face and scalp. Jackson had surgery to repair his injuries, and is believed to have begun experimenting with plastic surgery around this time. His face, especially his nose, would become dramatically altered in the coming years.

That same year, Jackson embarked on his final tour with the Jacksons to the support the album Victory. The one major hit from the recording was Michael Jackson's duet with Mick Jagger, "State of Shock." In 1985, Jackson showed his altruistic side, co-writing and singing on "We Are the World," a charity single for USA for Africa. A veritable who's who of music stars participated in the project including Lionel Ritchie, Ray Charles, Bob Dylan, Willie Nelson, Bruce Springsteen, and Tina Turner.

Releasing his follow-up to Thriller in 1987, Jackson reached the top of the charts with Bad. It featured five No. 1 hits, including "Man in the Mirror," "The Way You Make Me Feel," and the title track, which was supported by a video directed by Martin Scorsese. Jackson spent more than a year on the road, playing concerts to promote the album. While successful, Bad was unable to duplicate the phenomenal sales of Thriller.

Raised as a Jehovah's Witness, Jackson was a shy and quiet person off-stage. He was never truly comfortable with the media attention he received and rarely gave interviews. By the late 1980s, Jackson had created his own fantasy retreat—a California ranch called Neverland. There he kept exotic pets, such as a chimpanzee named Bubbles, and had his own amusement rides. To some, it seemed that Jackson perhaps was exploring a second childhood. He sometimes opened up the ranch for children's events. Rumors swirled around him, including that he was lightening the color of his skin to appear more white and slept in a special chamber to increase his life span.

In 1991, Jackson released Dangerous, featuring the hit "Black or White." The video for this song included an appearance by child star Macaulay Culkin, and was directed by John Landis. In the video's final minutes, Jackson caused some controversy with his sexual gesturing and violent actions. Many were surprised to see the Peter Pan-like Jackson act in this manner.

Jackson's music continued to enjoy wide-spread popularity in the upcoming years. In 1993, he performed several important events, including the half-time show at Superbowl XXVII. Jackson gave a rare television interview, which aired that February. Sitting down with Oprah Winfrey, he explained that the change in his skin tone was the result of a disease known as vitiligo. Jackson also opened about the abuse he suffered from his father.

Molestation Allegations and Career Decline

In 1993, allegations of child molestation against Jackson emerged. A 13-year-old boy claimed that the music star had fondled him. Jackson was known to have sleepovers with boys at his Neverland Ranch, but this was the first public charge of wrongdoing. The police searched the ranch, but they found no evidence to support the claim. The following year, Jackson settled the case out of court with the boy's family. Other allegations emerged, but Jackson maintained his innocence.

In August 1994, Jackson announced that he had married Lisa Marie Presley, daughter of rock icon Elvis Presley. The couple gave a joint television interview with Diane Sawyer, but the union proved to be short-lived. They divorced in 1996. Some thought that the marriage was a publicity ploy to restore Jackson's image after the molestation allegations.

Later that same year, Jackson wed nurse Debbie Rowe. The couple had two children through artificial insemination. Son Prince Michael Jackson was born in 1997 and daughter Paris Michael Jackson was born in 1998. Rowe and Jackson divorced in 1999 with Jackson receiving full custody of their two children. He would go on to have a third child, Prince Michael Jackson II, with an unknown surrogate.

Jackson's musical career began to decline with the lukewarm reception to 1995's HIStory: Past, Present, and Future, Book I, which featured some of his earlier hits as well as new material. The record spawned two hits, "You Are Not Alone" and his duet with sister Janet Jackson, "Scream." "Scream" earned Michael and Janet a Grammy Award for Best Music Video, Short Form that year. Another track from the album, "They Don't Care About Us," however, brought Jackson intense criticism for using an anti-Semitic term.
By the release of 2001's Invincible, Jackson was better known as an eccentric whose quirks were reported in the tabloids than as a performer. The album sold well, but stories of his odd behavior started to overshadow his talent. He often appeared in public wearing a surgical mask, and he hid his children's faces under veils.

In 2002, Jackson made headlines when he seemed confused and disoriented on stage at an MTV awards show. Soon after, he received enormous criticism for dangling his son, Prince Michael II, over a balcony while greeting fans in Berlin, Germany. In a later interview, Jackson explained that "We were waiting for thousands of fans down below, and they were chanting they wanted to see my child, so I was kind enough to let them see. I was doing something out of innocence." But many were unforgiving of the star's behavior, with former fans and media outlets clamoring to have Child Protective Services take Jackson's children from him.

Jackson's reputation was served another blow in 2003 with the television documentary, Living with Michael Jackson. British journalist Martin Bashir spent several months with Jackson, and he got Jackson to discuss his relationships with children. He admitted that he continued to have children sleepover at his ranch, even after the 1993 allegations. Jackson said that sometimes he slept with the children in his bed. "Why can't you share your bed? That's the most loving thing to do, to share your bed with someone,
" Jackson told Beshir.

Jackson faced more legal woes in 2004 when he was arrested on charges related to incidents with a 13-year-old boy the previous year. Facing 10 counts in all, he was charged with lewd conduct with a minor, attempted lewd conduct, administering alcohol to facilitate molestation, and conspiracy to commit child abduction, false imprisonment and extortion. The resulting 2005 trial was a media circus with fans, detractors, and camera crews surrounding the courthouse. More than 130 people testified, including Macaulay Culkin who appeared on Jackson's behalf. He said that he had been friends with Jackson as a young teen. While he had stayed over at the Neverland Ranch, he told the court that Jackson never tried to molest him. Jackson's accuser also appeared via videotape and described how Jackson had given him wine and molested him.

Final Months

On June 14, 2005, Jackson was acquitted of all charges. His reputation, however, was effectively destroyed, and his finances were in shambles. Thanks to mounting legal bills, the singer no longer had a bank account and was unable to maintain even his most basic finances. Jackson soon found refuge in his friendship with the prince of Bahrain, Prince Salman Bin Hamad Bin Isa Al-Khalifa, who wired Jackson the money needed to pay Neverland's utility bills. He then invited the pop star to his country as a personal guest.

In Bahrain, the prince provided Jackson with more than $7 million, not including living expenses. He also built the singer a recording studio, hired him a "motivational guru" and helped Jackson to entertain family at Christmas. In return, Jackson promised to collaborate with the prince on a new album on Al-Khalifa's record label, as well as write an autobiography, and create a stage play. None of the work materialized, however, and Jackson soon faced litigation from his friend for reneging on his promises. In even greater financial straits, Jackson defaulted on the $23.5 million loan owed on his Neverland Ranch in 2008. Unable to part with certain items, including the crystal gloves he used in performances, Jackson sued to block the auction of some of his personal items from the home the following year.

Around this same time, the largely reclusive Jackson announced that he would be performing a series of concerts in London as his "final curtain call." There had been some speculation regarding whether the fragile singer would be able to handle the rigors of 50 concerts. Despite all of the allegations and stories of odd behavior, Jackson remained a figure of great interest, as demonstrated by the strong response to his concert plans; set to appear at the O2 Arena in London, England, beginning July 8, 2009, Jackson saw all the tickets to his This Is It tour sell out in only four hours.

Death and Aftermath

Jackson would never get to experience the success of his comeback tour. On June 25, 2009, Jackson suffered cardiac arrest in his Los Angeles home. He was rushed to the hospital after his heart stopped and CPR attempts failed, but he died later that morning. He was 50 years old at the time of his death.

News of Jackson's death resulted in an outpouring of public grief and sympathy. Memorials to Jackson were erected around the world, including one at the arena where he was set to perform and another at his childhood home in Gary, Indiana. On July 12, 2009, a televised memorial was held for fans of the King of Pop at the Staples Center in downtown Los Angeles. While 17,500 free tickets were issued to fans via lottery, more than an estimated one billion viewers watched the memorial on television and the Internet.
The Jackson family held a private funeral on September 3, 2009, for the immediate family and 200 guests at Forest Lawn Memorial park in Los Angeles. The celebrity mourners included former child star Macaulay Culkin, ex-wife Lisa Marie Presley, and actress Elizabeth Taylor.

A film documenting Jackson's preparations for his final performance entitled This Is It, hit theaters in October of 2009. The film, featuring a compilation of interviews, rehearsals and backstage footage of Michael Jackson, made $23 million in its opening weekend and sky-rocketed to No. 1 at the box office. This Is It would go on to make more than $260.8 million worldwide, and become the highest grossing documentary of all time. With this final tribute, the family hoped to finally have closure on the passing of Michael Jackson.

But in February 2010, the coroner released an official report detailing the cause of Jackson's death. The results revealed that the singer died from "acute propofol intoxication." The overdose worked in combination with a lethal prescription drug cocktail—which included the pain killer Demerol, as well as lorazepam, midazolam, benzodiazepine, diazepine and ephedrine—to shut down the star's weakened heart. Jackson reportedly used the drugs, with the aid of personal physician Dr. Conrad Murray, to help him sleep in the evenings. Conrad later told police that he believed Jackson had developed a particular addiction to propofol, which Jackson referred to as his "milk." He had the drug administered by I.V. in the evenings in 50 mg dosages, and Murray was attempting to ween the pop star off the drug at the time of Jackson's death.

A police investigation revealed that Murray was not licensed to prescribe most controlled drugs in the state of California. The steps he took to save Jackson also came under scrutiny, as evidence showed that the standard of care for administering propofol was not met, and the recommended equipment for patient monitoring, precision dosing and resuscitation were not present. As a result, Jackson's death was ruled a homicide, and Murray found himself at the center of an involuntary manslaughter investigation. The Jackson family also began pursuing measures that would have Murray's medical license revoked. The family is in continuing litigation with Murray.


Released January 24, 1972
Recorded June – December 1971
Genre R&B, soul, pop rock
Length 35:45
Label Motown
Producer Hal Davis, Willie Hutch

Motown released Jackson's solo album around the same time that another famous brother from a famous family was doing the same: Donny Osmond, who was hitting with songs like "Sweet & Innocent" and "Puppy Love". "Got To Be There" (at #8) and Osmond's "Hey Girl/I Knew You When" (at #9) were back-to-back on the Hot 100 on 15 January 1972. Jackson's and Osmond's debut efforts almost paralleled each other, as Jackson scored a hit with the title track and "Rockin' Robin", which like Osmond's "Puppy Love", was a remake of an old '50s rock song.
Those two hits were back-to-back on the Hot 100 at #5 and #6, respectively, on April 8, 1972. Jackson's "I Wanna Be Where You Are" (at #27) and Osmond's "Too Young" (at #28) would be back-to-back on the Hot 100 on June 24, 1972. The album also included covers of Bill Withers' "Ain't No Sunshine", Carole King's "You've Got a Friend" and the Supremes' "Love Is Here and Now You're Gone".
1. "Ain't No Sunshine" (recorded November 1971)
2. "I Wanna Be Where You Are" (recorded November 1971)
3. "Girl Don't Take Your Love from Me" (recorded November 1971)
4. "In Our Small Way" (recorded December 1971)
5. "Got to Be There" (recorded June–July 1971)
6. "Rockin' Robin" (recorded October 1971)
7. "Wings of My Love" (recorded November 1971)
8. "Maria (You Were the Only One)" (recorded July–September 1971)
9. "Love Is Here and Now You're Gone" (recorded December 1971)
10. "You've Got a Friend" (recorded November 1971)


Released August 4, 1972
Recorded November 1971 – February 1972
Genre R&B, soul
Length 31:31
Label Motown
Producer Hal Davis, The Corporation, Byhal Davis, Berry Gordy, Jr., Mel Larson, Jerry Marcellino, Bobby Taylor

Ben was recorded by Jackson from 1971 to 1972. It was produced by six people, and executively produced by Berry Gordy, Jr..[6] Songwriters for the eleven tracks Ben has include , Mel Larson, Jerry Marcellino, Thom Bell, Linda Creed, The Corporation, Smokey Robinson, and Ronald White, among others.[6] Ben has R&B, contemporary pop rock and soul musical styles.[7] The album's title track, which was the theme song for the 1972 film of the same name (the sequel to the 1971 killer rat movie Willard), won a Golden Globe and was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Song. "What Goes Around Comes Around" has similarities to Jackson's older brother Jackie's single, "Didn't I (Blow Your Mind This Time)",[8] which featured vocals from Jackson and his older brothers.[9] For Ben, Jackson recorded cover's of The Temptations' 1964 single, "My Girl", a cover of Lionel Hampton's "Everybody's Somebody's Fool", a cover of Brenda Holloway's 1965 single, "You Can Cry on My Shoulder" and a cover of Stevie Wonder's 1968 single, "Shoo-Be-Doo-Be-Doo-Da-Day". "My Girl" has a funk rhythm and the song's score includes some call-and-response interaction, which is similar to what Jackson and his brothers displayed in their Jackson 5 material.[7] "You Can Cry on My Shoulder" is a mid-tempo song.[7] "We've Got a Good Thing Going" was previously issued as the B-side to "Got to Be There"'s "I Wanna Be Where You Are" and "In Our Small Way" was also featured on Jackson's previous album Got to Be There.


1. "Ben" (recorded January 1972)
2. "Greatest Show on Earth" (recorded February 1972)
3. "People Make the World Go 'Round" (recorded January–February 1972)
4. "We've Got a Good Thing Going" (recorded December 1971)
5. "Everybody's Somebody's Fool" (recorded January–February 1972)
6. "My Girl" (recorded January–February 1972)
7. "What Goes Around Comes Around" (recorded December 1971–February 1972)
8. "In Our Small Way" (recorded December 1971)
9. "Shoo-Be-Doo-Be-Doo-Da-Day" (recorded February 1972)
10. "You Can Cry on My Shoulder" (recorded November 1971)


Released April 13, 1973
Recorded March 1972 – March 1973
Genre R&B, soul, pop, rock[1]
Length 32:09
Label Motown
Producer Hal Davis

The album was released during a difficult period for Jackson, who was 14 years old at the time, as he was experiencing vocal changes and facing a changing music landscape. Having been influenced by fellow Motown label mates Marvin Gaye and Stevie Wonder, Jackson wanted to include his own compositions on the album, but Motown refused to allow this.
Despite featuring a photo of Jackson strumming an acoustic guitar on the album cover, he does not actually play an instrument on the album. Jackson would later express his frustrations about this to his father, Joe Jackson, who would later work to terminate Michael and his brother's contract with Motown, and negotiate lucrative contracts for them with Epic Records.
Since Jackson was on a world tour with his brothers as a member of The Jackson 5, promotion on this album was limited. The Stevie Wonder cover, "With a Child's Heart", was released as a single in the United States, where it reached #14 on the Billboard R&B Singles chart and #50 on the Billboard Pop Singles chart. Two additional songs ("Music and Me" and "Morning Glow") were released as singles in the UK, but they failed to chart. Another track, "Too Young", was released as a single in Italy, while the track "Happy" was a single in Australia and "Doggin' Around" was a limited-release single in Holland. Ten years after this album's release, "Happy" was released as a single in the UK to promote Motown's 18 Greatest Hits compilation album.[4] For the compact disc issues of the album, the text on the album was changed and the shade of green was darker.
After this release, Jackson took two years to work on a follow-up album that focused on his maturing voice which became, Forever, Michael.

1. "With a Child's Heart" (recorded March 1972)
2. "Up Again" (recorded March–December 1972)
3. "All the Things You Are" (recorded December 1972–January 1973)
4. "Happy" (Love Theme from Lady Sings the Blues) (recorded August 1972)
5. "Too Young" (recorded August–November 1972)
6. "Doggin' Around" (recorded August–November 1972)
7. "Johnny Raven" (recorded January–March 1973)
8. "Euphoria" (recorded August–December 1972)
9. "Morning Glow" (recorded December 1972–March 1973)
10. "Music and Me" (recorded March 1972)

Released January 16, 1975
Recorded December 1973 (track 10); October 1974 – December 1974
Genre R&B, pop, soul, pop rock[1]
Length 33:36
Label Motown
Producer Edward Holland, Jr., Brian Holland, Hal Davis, Freddie Perren, Sam Brown III

The album was Jackson's fourth as a solo artist and would end up being his final album released with Motown before he and his brothers (The Jackson 5, save for Jermaine, who would remain with Motown) left for CBS Records a year later. This album displayed a change in musical style for the sixteen-year-old, who adopted a smoother soul sound that he would continue to develop on his later solo records for Epic Records.
Most of the tracks were recorded in 1974, and the album was originally set to be released that year. However, because of demand from the Jackson 5's huge hit "Dancing Machine", production on Jackson's album was delayed until the hype from that song died down.
The album helped return Jackson to the top 40, aided by the singles "We're Almost There" and "Just a Little Bit of You", both written by the Holland Brothers (Eddie and Brian) of Holland–Dozier–Holland.
In 1981, Motown released "One Day in Your Life" as a single, coupled with the One Day in Your Life compilation album release, to capitalize off Jackson's Off the Wall success on Epic. The single went to number one in the UK, becoming the 6th best-selling single of 1981 in the UK. This is the only Jackson studio album that doesn't share a name with one of the songs on the album.
The compact disc version of the album removes the white border around the photograph of Jackson from the album cover, and instead makes the image larger so that the background can not be seen. Furthermore, the "FOREVER, MICHAEL" text is changed to more simple text which lists both "MICHAEL JACKSON" and "Forever, Michael" in a different font.

1. "We're Almost There" (recorded December 1974)
2. "Take Me Back" (recorded October 1974)
3. "One Day in Your Life" (recorded December 1974)
4. "Cinderella Stay Awhile" (recorded November 1974)
5. "We've Got Forever" (recorded October 1974)
6. "Just a Little Bit of You" (recorded October 1974)
7. "You Are There" (recorded November 1974)
8. "Dapper Dan" (freestyle) (recorded November 1974)
9. "Dear Michael" (recorded December 1974)
10. "I'll Come Home to You" (recorded December 1973)


Released August 10, 1979
Recorded December 1978–June 1979
Allen Zentz Recording
Westlake Audio
Cherokee Studios
(Los Angeles, California)
Genre R&B, disco, funk, dance-pop[1]
Length 42:16
Label Epic
Producer Quincy Jones
Michael Jackson (co-producer)
Off the Wall is the fifth studio album by the American recording artist Michael Jackson, released August 10, 1979 on Epic Records, after Jackson's critically well received film performance in The Wiz. While working on that project, Jackson and Quincy Jones had become friends, and Jones agreed to work with Jackson on his next studio album. Recording sessions took place between December 1978 and June 1979 at Allen Zentz Recording, Westlake Recording Studios, and Cherokee Studios in Los Angeles, California. Jackson collaborated with a number of other writers and performers such as Paul McCartney, Stevie Wonder and Rod Temperton. Five singles were released from the album. Three of the singles had music videos released. Jackson wrote several of the songs himself, including the Platinum-certified lead single, "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough". It was his first solo release under Epic Records, the label he would record on until his death in 2009.
The record was a departure from Jackson's previous work for Motown. Several critics observed that Off the Wall was crafted from funk, disco-pop, soft rock, jazz and pop ballads. Jackson received positive reviews for his vocal performance on the record. The record gained positive reviews and won the singer his first Grammy Award since the early 1970s. With Off the Wall, Jackson became the first solo artist to have four singles from the same album peak inside the top 10 of the Billboard Hot 100. The album was a commercial success; to date it is certified for 8× Multi-Platinum in the US and has sold more than 20 million copies worldwide, making it one of the best selling albums of all time.
On October 16, 2001, a special edition reissue of Off the Wall was released by Sony Records. Recent reviews by Allmusic and Blender have continued to praise Off the Wall for its appeal in the 21st century. In 2003, the album was ranked number 68 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. The National Association of Recording Merchandisers listed it at number 80 of the Definitive 200 Albums of All Time. In 2008, Off the Wall was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.

1. "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough"  
2. "Rock with You"  
3. "Workin' Day and Night"  
4. "Get on the Floor"  
5. "Off the Wall"  
6. "Girlfriend"  
7. "She's Out of My Life"  
8. "I Can't Help It"  
9. "It's the Falling in Love" (featuring Patti Austin)
10. "Burn This Disco Out"  


Released November 30, 1982
Recorded April 14 – November 8, 1982
Westlake Recording Studios
(Los Angeles, California)
Genre Pop rock,[1] R&B,[1] post-disco,[1][2] funk[1]
Length 42:19
Label Epic
Producer Quincy Jones
Michael Jackson (co-producer)

Thriller is the sixth studio album by American recording artist Michael Jackson. It was released on November 30, 1982, by Epic Records as the follow-up to Jackson's critically and commercially successful 1979 album Off the Wall. Thriller explores similar genres to those of Off the Wall, including pop, R&B, rock, post-disco and adult contemporary music.[1][2][3]
Recording sessions took place between April and November 1982 at Westlake Recording Studios in Los Angeles, California, with a production budget of $750,000, assisted by producer Quincy Jones. Of the nine tracks on the album, 4 of them were written by Jackson himself. Seven singles were released from the album, all of which reached the top 10 on the Billboard Hot 100. Three of the singles had music videos released. "Baby Be Mine" and "The Lady in My Life" were the only tracks that were not released as singles. In just over a year, Thriller became—and currently remains—the best-selling album of all time, with sales estimated by various sources as being between 65 and 110 million copies worldwide,[4][5] and is also the best-selling album in the United States.[6] The album won a record-breaking eight Grammy Awards at the 1984 Grammys.
Thriller enabled Jackson to break down racial barriers via his appearances on MTV and meeting with President of the United States Ronald Reagan at the White House. The album was one of the first to use music videos as successful promotional tools—the videos for "Thriller", "Billie Jean" and "Beat It" all received regular rotation on MTV. In 2001, a special edition issue of the album was released, which contains additional audio interviews, a demo recording and the song "Someone In the Dark", which was a Grammy-winning track from the E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial storybook.[7] In 2008, the album was reissued again as Thriller 25, containing re-mixes that feature contemporary artists, a previously unreleased song and a DVD.
Thriller ranked number 20 on Rolling Stone magazine's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time list in 2003,[8] and was listed by the National Association of Recording Merchandisers at number three in its Definitive 200 Albums of All Time. The Thriller album was included in the Library of Congress' National Recording Registry of culturally significant recordings, and the Thriller video was included in the National Film Preservation Board's National Film Registry of "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant films." In 2012, Slant Magazine listed the album at #1 on its list of "Best Albums of the 1980's".[9]

1. "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'"  
2. "Baby Be Mine"  
3. "The Girl Is Mine" (featuring Paul McCartney)
4. "Thriller"  
5. "Beat It"  
6. "Billie Jean"  
7. "Human Nature"  
8. "P.Y.T. (Pretty Young Thing)"  
9. "The Lady in My Life"  


Released August 31, 1987
Recorded January – July 1987 at Westlake Recording Studios, Los Angeles, California
Genre Pop, R&B, funk, dance-pop, rock
Length 48:16
Label Epic
Producer Quincy Jones
Michael Jackson (co-producer)
Bad is the seventh studio album by American songwriter and recording artist Michael Jackson. The album was released on August 31, 1987[1] by Epic/CBS Records, nearly five years after Jackson's previous studio album, Thriller, which went on to become the world's best-selling album. Bad itself has sold over 30 million copies worldwide, shipped 8 million units in the United States alone, and has been cited as one of the best selling albums of all time. The album produced five Hot 100 number ones, the first album to do so. Similar to Jackson's previous music material, the album's music features elements of R&B, pop and rock.
Bad was recorded during the first half of 1987. The lyrical themes on the record relate to paranoia, romance and self-improvement. Bad is widely regarded as having cemented Jackson's status as one of the most successful artists of the 1980s, as well as enhancing his solo career and being one of the best musical projects of his career. Ten of the eleven songs on Bad were released as singles; one was a promotional single and another was released outside of the United States and Canada. Five of the singles hit number one in the United States, while a sixth charted within the top-ten, and a seventh charted within the top-twenty on the Hot 100. The single that was released outside of the United States and Canada was commercially successful, charting within the top ten and top twenty in multiple territories. Bad peaked at number one in seven countries, as well as charting within the top twenty in other territories. The only song on the album which wasn't released as a single was "Just Good Friends".
Bad saw Jackson exercise even more artistic freedom than he did with his two previous Epic releases (Off the Wall and Thriller). On Bad, Jackson composed nine of the album's eleven tracks and received co-producer credit for the entire album. The album continued Jackson's commercial success in the late 1980s and garnered six Grammy Award nominations, winning two. Aside from commercial success the album also received critical acclaim from contemporary critics. Bad was ranked number 43 in the 100 Greatest Albums of All Time of the MTV Generation in 2009 by VH1 and number 202 in Rolling Stone magazine's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time. The album marked the final collaboration between Jackson and producer Quincy Jones.

"Bad" was originally intended as a duet between Jackson and musician Prince.[8] Other artists that were supposed to be featured on the album were Whitney Houston, Aretha Franklin and Barbra Streisand; none of those collaborations ended up happening.[8] The album's song lyrics pertain to romance and paranoia; paranoia was a frequent theme for Jackson, having used it on his previous albums.[2] Allmusic noted that Bad moved Jackson "deeper into hard rock, deeper into schmaltzy adult contemporary, deeper into hard dance — essentially taking each portion of Thriller to an extreme, while increasing the quotient of immaculate studiocraft."[2]
"Dirty Diana" was viewed by critics as a "misogynistic",[2] and its lyrics, pertaining to a sexual predator, do not aim for the "darkness" of "Billie Jean"; but instead, sounds equally intrigued by an apprehensive of a sexual challenge, while having the opportunity to accept or resist it.[10] "Leave Me Alone" was described as being a "paranoid anthem".[2] On "Man in the Mirror," the song was described as Jackson going "a step further" and offering "a straightforward homily of personal commitment", which can be seen in the lyrics, "I'm starting with the man in the mirror/I'm asking him to change his ways/And no message could have been clearer/If you wanna make the world a better place/Take a look at yourself and then make a change."[10] The lyrics to "Speed Demon" are about driving fast.[11] "Bad" was viewed as a rived "Hit the Road, Jack" progression with lyrics that pertain to 'boasting'.[10]
"Liberian Girl"s lyrics were viewed as "glistening" with "gratitude" for the "existence of a loved one".[10] "Smooth Criminal"s music showed resemblance to "the popcorn-chomping manner" of "Thriller."[10] "Smooth Criminal" was thought of as an example of "Jackson's free-form language" that keeps people "aware that we are on the edge of several realities: the film, the dream it inspires, the waking world it illuminates".[10] The music in "I Just Can't Stop Loving You", a duet with Siedah Garrett, consisted mainly of finger snaps and timpani.[10] "Just Good Friends", a duet with Stevie Wonder, was viewed by critics as sounding good at the beginning of the song, ending with a "chin-bobbing cheerfulness".[10] "The Way You Make Me Feel"'s music consisted of blues harmonies.[6] The lyrics of "Another Part of Me" deal with being united, as "we".[6]


Released November 26, 1991
Recorded June 25, 1990 – October 29, 1991
Genre R&B, pop, rock, new jack swing[1]
Length 76:58
Label Epic
Producer Michael Jackson
Bill Bottrell
Teddy Riley

Dangerous is the eighth studio album by American recording artist Michael Jackson, released November 26, 1991 on Epic Records. It became his second to debut at number 1 on the Billboard 200 albums chart, where it spent the next four consecutive weeks. Nine singles were released from the album and all of the singles had music videos released. The album has sold over 38 million copies worldwide[2] making it one of the best selling albums of all time. The album won one Grammy for Best Engineered Album – Non Classical won by Bruce Swedien and Teddy Riley,[3] and is the most successful new jack swing album of all time.[4]

1. "Jam" (featuring Heavy D)
2. "Why You Wanna Trip on Me"  
3. "In the Closet" (featuring Princess Stéphanie of Monaco)
4. "She Drives Me Wild" (featuring Wrecks-N-Effect)
5. "Remember the Time"  
6. "Can't Let Her Get Away"  
7. "Heal the World"  
8. "Black or White" (featuring L.T.B.)
9. "Who Is It"  
10. "Give In to Me" (featuring Slash)
11. "Will You Be There" (Theme from Free Willy)
12. "Keep the Faith"  
13. "Gone Too Soon"  
14. "Dangerous"  


Released June 16, 1995
Recorded September 1994 – March 1995
Genre Pop, R&B, new jack swing
Length 71:39 (Disc 1)
77:06 (Disc 2)
148:45 (Total)
Label Epic
Producer Michael Jackson, Jimmy Jam & Terry Lewis, Dallas Austin, David Foster, Bill Bottrell, R Kelly

HIStory, similar to Jackson's previous studio albums Thriller and Bad, contains lyrics that deal with paranoia. The majority of the songs were written by Jackson. Several of the album's fifteen songs pertain to the child sexual abuse allegations made against him in 1993[19] and Jackson's perceived mistreatment by the media, mainly the tabloids.[20] Because of this, the album has been described as being Jackson's most "personal".[21] Two of the album's new tracks were covers.[19] The genres of the album's music span R&B, pop, hard rock and ballads.[19][21][22] The lyrics pertain to isolation, greed, environmental concerns, injustice. "Scream" is a duet with Jackson's younger sister Janet; contemporary critics noted that it was difficult to distinguish their voices apart.[19] It was noted that the "refrain" of the song's lyrics "Stop pressurin' me!" is "compelling," and that Jackson "spits out the lyrics with drama and purpose".[19] "Scream"'s lyrics are about injustice.[21]
The lyrics for the R&B ballad "You Are Not Alone", written by R. Kelly, pertain to isolation.[21] Two Belgian songwriters, brothers Eddy and Danny Van Passel, claimed to have written the melody in 1993; In September 2007, a Belgian judge ruled the song was plagiarized from the Van Passel brothers, and it was subsequently banned from airwaves in Belgium.[23][24] "D.S" is a hard rock song, whose lyrics were interpreted by music critics as an attack on the district attorney of Jackson's child sexual abuse case, Thomas Sneddon.[19][22] Multiple critics reviewed the song in connection with Sneddon, Fox News Channel and CNN, noting that the "cold man" in the lyrics is Sneddon; when the name "Dom S. Sheldon" from the chorus is sung, it resembles "Thomas Sneddon".[25][26]
"Money" was interpreted as being directed at Evan Chandler, the father of the boy who accused Jackson of child sexual abuse.[19] The lyrics of "Childhood" pertain to Jackson's own childhood.[27] Similar to "Scream", the lyrics to "They Don't Care About Us" pertain to injustice, as well as racism. In "This Time Around", Jackson asserts himself as having been "falsely accused".[19] The song features The Notorious B.I.G. (aka Biggie Smalls) two years before his death in 1997. Jackson worked with Biggie again posthumously in 2001 on Jackson's following album, Invincible on the song "Unbreakable"; this made him the only rapper to appear on multiple Jackson LPs.[28] "Earth Song" was described as a "slow blues-operatic",[21] and its lyrics pertain to environmental concerns. On HIStory, Jackson covered Charlie Chaplin's "Smile" and The Beatles' "Come Together".[21] "Stranger in Moscow" is a pop ballad that is interspersed with sounds of rain.[19] Jackson described the lyrics as being a "swift and sudden fall from grace".[21] "Tabloid Junkie" is a hard funk song[29] with lyrics instructing listeners to not believe everything they read in the media and tabloids.[21][22] The album's title track, "HIStory" contained multiple samples, including Martin Luther King Jr.'s "I Have a Dream" speech.[30] "HIStory" was not released as a single from HIStory, but was from Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix in 1997.
As an introduction for "Little Susie", Michael used his own variation of Pie Jesu from Maurice Duruflé's Requiem. It had been rumored that Michael found inspiration for the song from the murder of a little girl named “Susie” in 1978 but it is apparently just that: rumor. The inspiration behind the song more likely came from an artist called Gottfried Helnwein. Michael admired the artist's work and he had purchased some of his paintings. One of them, "Beautiful Victim", inspired the song. Helnwein is considered quite provocative as he paints about the human condition depicting wounded children, among others. Helnwein later painted a portrait of Michael.[31] There appears to be a similarity between the "Beautiful Victim" painting and the artwork included for the song in HIStory.[31]

1. "Billie Jean" (from Thriller)
2. "The Way You Make Me Feel" (from Bad)
3. "Black or White" (featuring L.T.B.) (from Dangerous)
4. "Rock with You" (from Off the Wall)
5. "She's Out of My Life" (from Off the Wall)
6. "Bad" (from Bad)
7. "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" (featuring Siedah Garrett) (from Bad)
8. "Man in the Mirror" (from Bad)
9. "Thriller" (from Thriller)
10. "Beat It" (from Thriller)
11. "The Girl Is Mine" (featuring Paul McCartney) (from Thriller)
12. "Remember the Time" (from Dangerous)
13. "Don't Stop 'til You Get Enough" (from Off the Wall)
14. "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" (from Thriller)
15. "Heal the World" (from Dangerous)

1. "Scream" (featuring Janet Jackson)
2. "They Don't Care About Us"  
3. "Stranger in Moscow"  
4. "This Time Around" (featuring The Notorious B.I.G.)
5. "Earth Song"  
6. "D.S." (featuring Slash)
7. "Money"  
8. "Come Together" (The Beatles cover)
9. "You Are Not Alone"  
10. "Childhood" (Theme from Free Willy 2)
11. "Tabloid Junkie"  
12. "2 Bad" (featuring Shaquille O'Neal)
13. "HIStory" (backing vocals by Boyz II Men)
14. "Little Susie"  
15. "Smile" (Charlie Chaplin cover)

Released October 30, 2001
Recorded October 1997–August 2001
Genre R&B, pop, dance-pop[1]
Length 77:07
Label Epic
Producer Michael Jackson (also exec.), Darkchild, Teddy Riley, Andre Harris, Andreao "Fanatic" Heard, Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds, R. Kelly, Dr. Freeze

Invincible is composed of R&B, hip hop, dance-pop, adult contemporary and urban songs.[9] Fourteen out of the album's sixteen tracks were written by Jackson. The album's full length is seventy-seven minutes eight seconds, and it contains 16 songs. It was noted that the album shifts between aggressive songs and ballads.[10] Invincible opens with "Unbreakable"; the last line in the first verse recites the lyrics, "With all that I've been through/I'm still around".[9] In a 2002 interview with the magazine Vibe, Jackson commented on his inspiration for writing "Speechless", saying
You'll be surprised. I was with these kids in Germany, and we had a big water-balloon fight - I'm serious - and I was so happy after the fight that I ran upstairs in their house and wrote "Speechless". Fun inspires me. I hate to say that, because it's such a romantic song. But it was the fight that did it. I was happy, and I wrote it in it's [sic] entirety right there. I felt it would be good enough for the album. Out of the bliss comes magic, wonderment, and creativity.[6]
"Privacy", a reflection on Jackson's own personal experiences, is about media invasions and tabloid inaccuracies.[9] "The Lost Children" is about imperiled children.[9] Jackson sings in a third person in "Whatever Happens". The song's lyrics, described as having a "jagged intensity", narrate the story of two people involved in an unnamed threatening situation.[9] Invincible features four ballads: "You Are My Life", "Butterflies", "Don't Walk Away" and "Cry".[9] "Cry", similar to Jackson's "Man in the Mirror", is about healing the world together.[1] The lyrics to "Butterflies" and "Break of Dawn" were viewed as "glaringly" and being able to "emanate" to listeners.[10] "Threatened" was viewed as being a story teller.[9] The song was viewed as a "Thriller redux".[10] The song "You Are My Life" is about Jackson's two children at the time, Prince and Paris. The song features Jackson singing, "You are the sun, you make me shine, more like the stars."[10]
"Ekam Satyam", a track composed by Indian musician A. R. Rahman, was supposed to be included in the album. The song, written by Rahman along with Kanika Myer was performed by Jackson. Also considered to be released as a single, it was never released.[11][12]

1. "Unbreakable" (featuring The Notorious B.I.G.)

2. "Heartbreaker" (featuring Fats)

3. "Invincible" (featuring Fats)

4. "Break of Dawn"  

5. "Heaven Can Wait"  

6. "You Rock My World"  

7. "Butterflies"  

8. "Speechless"  

9. "2000 Watts"  

10. "You Are My Life"  

11. "Privacy"  

12. "Don't Walk Away"  

13. "Cry"  

14. "The Lost Children"  

15. "Whatever Happens"  

16. "Threatened"  



Released February 8, 2008
Recorded 1982–2007
Genre R&B, pop, rock, urban, funk, dance-pop, hip hop, dance[1]
Length 67:11
Label Epic, Legacy
Producer Michael Jackson, Quincy Jones, will.i.am, Kanye West, Akon, Bruce Swedien, Giorgio Tuinfort, Anthony Kilhoffer

Thriller 25 is a 25th anniversary special edition reissue of the Michael Jackson sixth studio album album, Thriller, the world's best selling album. The prospect of a "second chapter" to Thriller was first publicly discussed on Access Hollywood in late 2006. Jackson said he would discuss the idea with collaborator will.i.am. It was released in Australia on February 8, 2008[2], internationally on February 11, 2008 and the following day in North America.[3]
Thriller 25 was released by Sony BMG's re-issue division, Legacy Recordings. In the United Kingdom, the BBFC gave it a '15' certificate because it included the video for "Thriller". It is the first Jackson album with an age certificate. Along with the original material, the reissue contained remixes, new material, a DVD and collaborations with several contemporary artists.
Two singles, "The Girl Is Mine 2008" and "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin' 2008" were released from the album to moderate success and a number of the other remixes charted, despite no physical release. Thriller 25 was a commercial success, selling three million copies worldwide in its 12 weeks and was generally well received among critics, despite their view that the new material was not as inspiring as the original


Released October 26, 2009
(see Release history)
Recorded 1978–2009
Genre Pop, R&B, new jack swing, funk, rock, soul, hip hop
Length 78:04 (Disc 1)
14:24 (Disc 2)
92:28 (Total)
Label Epic
Producer Michael Jackson
John McClain[1]

Michael Jackson died at the age of 50 on June 25, 2009 from cardiac arrest (it would later be determined that Jackson died of "acute propofol intoxication" with the additional factor of "benzodiazepine effect"). Prior to his death, the singer was planning on performing 50 concerts for his sold out This Is It tour in the United Kingdom from 2009 to 2010. Shortly after his death, on September 23, 2009, Sony Music Entertainment announced that they were to release a two-disc compilation "soundtrack" for Jackson's concert documentary film, Michael Jackson's This Is It.[2] In the announcement it was confirmed that This Is It would be released on October 26, 2009, one day before the film's theatrical release.[2] This Is It is the sixth posthumous album to be released by Sony and Motown/Universal since Jackson's death in June 2009. The previous five albums are The Collection, Hello World: The Motown Solo Collection, The Stripped Mixes, The Definitive Collection, and The Remix Suite.[3] This Is It was released on Sony Music's Epic Records, though, in certain countries, This Is It is listed under Sony Music Entertainment (see release history). The album was made available for pre-order – on Amazon.com as a compact disc and on the iTunes Store as a digital download. As planned, This Is It was released on October 26, 2009 in the US and worldwide on October 27 and 28.

1. "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'" (Thriller, 1982)
2. "Jam" (Dangerous, 1991)
3. "They Don't Care About Us" (HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I, 1995)
4. "Human Nature" (Thriller, 1982)
5. "Smooth Criminal" (Bad, 1987)
6. "The Way You Make Me Feel" (Bad, 1987)
7. "Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)" (7" version) (Destiny, 1978)
8. "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" (Bad, 1987)
9. "Thriller" (Thriller, 1982)
10. "Beat It" (Thriller, 1982)
11. "Black or White" (Dangerous, 1991)
12. "Earth Song" (HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I, 1995)
13. "Billie Jean" (Thriller, 1982)
14. "Man in the Mirror" (Bad, 1987)
15. "This Is It" (album version)
16. "This Is It" (orchestra version)

 May his soul rest in peace...

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